Resources 2

Continuing our selection of crane resources from many available worldwide. All crane species need wetlands to drink, bathe, feed, roost and breed and here in Part 2, we include cranes on farms, wetlands and conservation. Images of Brolgas and Sarus Cranes in wetlands and other habitats across Australia are located throughout the site.

More Ozcranes resources: Resources 3» presents galleries of cranes in flight; Resources 4» links to libraries and downloads; and crane art and cultural resources begin with Crane Art 1». Ozcranes FAQs have more on Brolga» and Sarus Crane» conservation.


Quotations on cranes, wetlands and people

From J Harris, Cranes, people and nature: preserving the balance, in H Higuchi & J Minton, The Future of Cranes and Wetlands (Wildbird Society of Japan Research Center)

‘Wetlands, with very high biological productivity, have long attracted human settlements, and one cannot remove people from the wetlands. Instead, conservation practices must focus on integrating conservation with wise use of wetland ecosystems.’

From D & C Frith, Cape York Peninsula: A natural history

‘Of all the waterbirds that live on the Peninsula it is the Magpie Geese and the cranes that seem to be most finely attuned to life in the Wet-Dry Tropics.’


Brolga family foraging in shallows, Georgina River, Camooweal NW Queensland (Rob Gray).

Wetlands resources

↓ Brolga digging for tubers, Northern Territory (Geoff Whalan)

Brolga probing tubers

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Cranes and farms

Cranes occupy a wide range of agricultural lands in five continents, and many species have adapted well to new shallow ‘wetlands’ like rice paddies and irrigation overflows. But cranes feeding on newly planted crops can cause conflicts with farmers.


Brolgas fly up from maize stubble, Atherton Tablelands, far north Queensland (Jan O'Sulllivan)

For farmer-crane conflict, see Ozcranes pages:

Other resources:

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Crane Conservation

Of the world's fifteen (15) crane species, eleven (11) are threatened in at least part of their range. They're found on all continents except South America (unless you include the Cuban subspecies of Sandhill Crane, in Central America) and Antarctica. The most common, and the rarest, are both found in North America. The Sandhill (Antigone canadensis), population over 650,000; and the Whooping (Grus americana), less than 400. All the sites linked in Ozcranes Resources 1 have resources on crane conservation, including summaries of Action Plans for threatened species on the ICF and IUCN Red List sites.

In Ozcranes Conservation:Conservation Home», Key Biodiversity Areas», Crane-friendly Fencing»

Other resources

The Whooping Crane is still the world's most endangered crane. The International Crane Foundation and Platte River Whooping Crane Maintenance Trust have many news items and resources. Teaching captive-bred young Whooping Cranes how to migrate with ultralites is here. Check out mass migration flocks of Sandhill Cranes at Rowes Sanctuary, Nebraska.

Next: Resources 3: Cranes in Flight galleries»

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