Resources 1

From the many crane resources worldwide we've selected some of particular interest to Ozcranes readers. Here in Part 1, we include world cranes, organisations, and crane surveys.

Resources 2» covers farms, wetlands and conservation; Resources 3» presents galleries of cranes in flight; and Resources 4» links to libraries and downloads. Crane art and cultural resources begin with Crane Art 1».

On this page –

World cranes – multi-purpose sites

International Crane Foundation

The International Crane Foundation (ICF) leads and collaborates in many crane research and conservation projects worldwide. The site has extensive information about cranes, conservation projects and research, a significant digital library, photo gallery and kids pages. For more on ICF crane work around the world, and links to other major crane organisations, visit Our Work or ICF's Site Map. The ICF also has an oustanding webinar series, accessed on the ICF YouTube channel.

The ICF Library provides a number of books including free download for the book Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry, and Conservation, eds. Ellis, Gee and Mirande, 1996 (pdf, 7.2 MB), or the book can be searched and viewed page by page at the Hathi Trust.


The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has a searchable library, with resources on cranes and wetlands.

Conservaton Strategy

Crane Conservation Strategy

← Crane Conservation Strategy, released October 2019 (ICF)

The IUCN Species Survival Commission Crane Specialist Group has released the long-awaited Crane Conservation Strategy, edited by Claire Mirande and the late Jim Harris of the International Crane Foundation. This is a major update of the first, original plan published in 1996 (see below). As well as dedicated chapters on all fifteen crane species, the volume has new information and conservation directions for the ecosystems where cranes live, and threats and challenges for the future. More than 150 specialists from the Crane Specialist Group, including all four Australian members», took part in reviews and writing. The whole book (pdf 24.65MB) can be downloaded free from the ICF Library, and the Sarus Crane (8MB) and Brolga (4.8MB) chapters are also available separately from Researchgate.

The 1996 Plan can be downloaded free from the IUCN: The Cranes, pdf 8MB (Meine and Archibald 1996), covers status and conservation for all 15 world crane species as at 1996.

The IUCN Red List is also a significant resource, search for full conservation status details on any cranes species. Sarus Crane assessment: Red List. Brolga assessment: Red List.

National and regional organisations

Grey Crowned Crane

← Grey Crowned Cranes (Balearica regulorum may roost in trees, but breed in wetlands (ICF)


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Just some of the long term crane surveys involving local communities worldwide. Methods vary according to the species, habitat and local conditions. For example, the long-running Midwest Count for Sandhill and Whooping Cranes in the US, surveys early morning roosts by call and sight, with counters using judgement to exclude repeat records of the same birds. The North Queensland Crane Count for Brolgas and Sarus Cranes surveys exact numbers of cranes as they fly into evening roost sites, by sight only. This method was chosen because early morning counts in this environment miss many birds leaving for daytime feeding sites before light, or in dense mist.

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Next: Resources 2: Farms, wetlands, and conservation»

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